Help:User rights

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User rights are specific access and ability permissions that can be assigned to customizable groups, which can then be assigned to (or removed from) users through the Special:Userrights interface. For example, the default bureaucrat group enables the use of the User rights interface.

This feature was introduced in MediaWiki 1.5; see setting user rights in MediaWiki on the Meta-wiki for earlier methods.

See Help:User rights management for information about managing and the assignment of user groups.

Changing group permissions[edit]

A default MediaWiki installation assigns certain rights to default groups (see below). You can change the default rights by editing the $wgGroupPermissions array in LocalSettings.php with the syntax

$wgGroupPermissions['group']['right'] = true /* or false */;

If a member has multiple groups, they get the highest permission of any groups. All users, including anonymous users, are in the '*' group; all registered users are in the 'user' group. In addition to the default groups, you can arbitrarily create new groups using the same array.


This example will disable viewing of all pages not listed in $wgWhitelistRead, then re-enable for registered users only:

$wgGroupPermissions['*']['read']    = false;
# The following line is not actually necessary, since it's in the defaults. Setting
# '*' to false doesn't disable rights for groups that have the right separately set
# to true!
$wgGroupPermissions['user']['read'] = true;

This example will disable editing of all pages, then re-enable for users with confirmed e-mail addresses only:

# Disable for everyone
$wgGroupPermissions['*']['edit']              = false;
# Disable for users, too: by default 'user' is allowed to edit, even if '*' is not.
$wgGroupPermissions['user']['edit']           = false;
# Finally, set it to true for the desired group.
$wgGroupPermissions['emailconfirmed']['edit'] = true;

This example will create an arbitrary "ninja" group that can block users and delete pages, and whose edits are hidden by default in the recent changes log:

$wgGroupPermissions['ninja']['bot']    = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['ninja']['block']  = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['ninja']['delete'] = true;

List of rights and groups[edit]

The following user rights are available in the latest version of MediaWiki. If you are using an older version, look at "Special:Version" on your wiki and see if your version is covered in the "versions" column.

Right Description Versions
read allows viewing pages (when set to false, override for specific pages with $wgWhitelistRead).
Warning.jpg {{{note}}}
edit allows editing unprotected pages. 1.5+
createpage allows the creation of new pages (requires the edit right). 1.6+
createtalk allows the creation of new talk pages (requires the edit right). 1.6+
move allows renaming page titles. 1.5+
createaccount allows the creation of new user accounts. 1.5+
upload allows the creation of new images and files. 1.5+
reupload allows overwriting existing images and files. 1.6+
reupload-shared allows replacing images and files from a shared repository (if one is set up) with local files. 1.6+
upload_by_url allows uploading by entering the URL of an external image. 1.8+
delete 1.5–1.11: allows the deletion or undeletion of pages.
1.12+: allows the deletion of pages. For undeletions, there is now the 'undelete' right, see below.
deletedhistory allows viewing deleted revisions, but not restoring. 1.6+
undelete allows the undeletion of pages. 1.12+
mergehistory allows access to Special:MergeHistory, to merge non-overlapping pages.
Note: currently disabled by default, including on Wikimedia projects.
protect allows locking a page to prevent edits, and editing locked pages. 1.5+
block allows the blocking of IP addresses, CIDR ranges, and registered users. Block options include preventing editing and registering new accounts, and autoblocking other users on the same IP address. 1.5+
blockemail allows preventing use of the Special:Emailuser interface when blocking. 1.11+
hideuser allows hiding the user/IP from the block log, active block list, and user list when blocking. (not available by default) 1.10+
userrights allows the use of the user rights interface, which allows the assignment or removal of all* groups to any user.
* With $wgAddGroups and $wgRemoveGroups you can set the possibility to add/remove certain groups instead of all.
userrights-interwiki allows changing user rights on other wikis. By default not defined in DefaultSettings.php (probably the developers forgot to add it) 1.12+
rollback allows one-click reversion of edits. 1.5+
markbotedits allows rollback to be marked as bot edits (see m:Help:Administration#Rollback). 1.12+
patrol allows marking edits as legitimate ($wgUseRCPatrol must be true). 1.5+
editinterface allows editing the MediaWiki namespace, which contains interface messages. 1.5+
editusercssjs allows editing user's monobook.css, monobook.js, ... subpages. 1.12+
hiderevision allows preventing deleted revision information from being viewed by sysops and prevents sysops from undeleting the hidden info. (not available by default, experimental) 1.6+
deleterevision allows deleting/undeleting information (revision text, edit summary, user who made the edit) of specific revisions (not available by default, experimental) 1.6+
siteadmin allows locking and unlocking the database (which blocks all interactions with the web site except viewing). Deprecated by default. 1.5+
import allows user to import one page per time from another wiki ("transwiki"). 1.5+
importupload allows user to import several pages per time from XML files. This right was called 'importraw' in and before version 1.5. 1.5+
trackback allows removal of trackbacks (if $wgUseTrackbacks is true). 1.7+
unwatchedpages allows access to Special:Unwatchedpages, which lists pages that no user has watchlisted. 1.6+
bot hides edits from recent changes lists and watchlists by default (can optionally be viewed). 1.5+
purge allows purging a page without a confirmation step (URL parameter "&action=purge"). 1.10+
minoredit allows marking an edit as 'minor'. 1.6+
nominornewtalk blocks new message notification when making minor edits to user talk pages (requires minor edit right). 1.9+
ipblock-exempt makes user immune to blocks applied to his IP address. 1.9+
proxyunbannable makes user immune to the open proxy blocker, which is disabled by default ($wgBlockOpenProxies). 1.7+
autopatrol automatically marks all edits by the user as patrolled ($wgUseRCPatrol must be true). 1.9+
apihighlimits allows user to use higher limits for API queries 1.12+
suppressredirect Allows moving a page without automatically creating a redirect. 1.12+
autoconfirmed used for the 'autoconfirmed' group, see the other table below for more information. 1.6+
emailconfirmed used for the 'emailconfirmed' group, see the other table below for more information. 1.7+

The following groups are available in the latest version of MediaWiki. If you are using an older version then some of these may not be implemented.

Group Description Versions
* all users (including anonymous). 1.5+
user registered accounts. 1.5+
autoconfirmed registered accounts at least as old as $wgAutoConfirmAge and having at least as many edits as $wgAutoConfirmCount. 1.6+
emailconfirmed registered accounts with confirmed email addresses. 1.7+
bot accounts with the bot right (intended for automated scripts). 1.5+
sysop users who by default can delete and restore pages, block and unblock users, et cetera. 1.5+
bureaucrat users who by default can change other users' rights. 1.5+
developer A group for the 'siteadmin' right. The group is deprecated by default, as well as the right. 1.5+

Default rights[edit]

The default rights are defined in DefaultSettings.php. MediaWiki 1.12alpha defines the following (for older versions see Manual:$wgGroupPermissions).

 * Permission keys given to users in each group.
 * All users are implicitly in the '*' group including anonymous visitors;
 * logged-in users are all implicitly in the 'user' group. These will be
 * combined with the permissions of all groups that a given user is listed
 * in in the user_groups table.
 * Note: Don't set $wgGroupPermissions = array(); unless you know what you're
 * doing! This will wipe all permissions, and may mean that your users are
 * unable to perform certain essential tasks or access new functionality
 * when new permissions are introduced and default grants established.
 * Functionality to make pages inaccessible has not been extensively tested
 * for security. Use at your own risk!
 * This replaces wgWhitelistAccount and wgWhitelistEdit
$wgGroupPermissions = array();

// Implicit group for all visitors
$wgGroupPermissions['*'    ]['createaccount']   = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['*'    ]['read']            = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['*'    ]['edit']            = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['*'    ]['createpage']      = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['*'    ]['createtalk']      = true;

// Implicit group for all logged-in accounts
$wgGroupPermissions['user' ]['move']            = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['user' ]['read']            = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['user' ]['edit']            = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['user' ]['createpage']      = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['user' ]['createtalk']      = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['user' ]['upload']          = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['user' ]['reupload']        = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['user' ]['reupload-shared'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['user' ]['minoredit']       = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['user' ]['purge']           = true; // can use ?action=purge without clicking "ok"

// Implicit group for accounts that pass $wgAutoConfirmAge
$wgGroupPermissions['autoconfirmed']['autoconfirmed'] = true;

// Implicit group for accounts with confirmed email addresses
// This has little use when email address confirmation is off
$wgGroupPermissions['emailconfirmed']['emailconfirmed'] = true;

// Users with bot privilege can have their edits hidden
// from various log pages by default
$wgGroupPermissions['bot'  ]['bot']             = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['bot'  ]['autoconfirmed']   = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['bot'  ]['nominornewtalk']  = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['bot'  ]['autopatrol']      = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['bot'  ]['suppressredirect'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['bot'  ]['apihighlimits']   = true;

// Most extra permission abilities go to this group
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['block']           = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['createaccount']   = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['delete']          = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['deletedhistory']     = true; // can view deleted history entries, but not see or restore the text
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['undelete']    = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['editinterface']   = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['editusercssjs']   = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['import']          = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['importupload']    = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['move']            = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['patrol']          = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['autopatrol']      = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['protect']         = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['proxyunbannable'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['rollback']        = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['trackback']       = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['upload']          = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['reupload']        = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['reupload-shared'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['unwatchedpages']  = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['autoconfirmed']   = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['upload_by_url']   = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['ipblock-exempt']    = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['blockemail']      = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['markbotedits']    = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['suppressredirect'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['apihighlimits']   = true;
#$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['mergehistory']    = true;

// Permission to change users' group assignments
$wgGroupPermissions['bureaucrat']['userrights'] = true;

// Experimental permissions, not ready for production use
//$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['deleterevision'] = true;
//$wgGroupPermissions['bureaucrat']['hiderevision'] = true;

 * The developer group is deprecated, but can be activated if need be
 * to use the 'lockdb' and 'unlockdb' special pages. Those require
 * that a lock file be defined and creatable/removable by the web
 * server.
# $wgGroupPermissions['developer']['siteadmin'] = true;

See also[edit]